Vietnam Social Sciences, S. 1 (2014)

Cỡ chữ:  Nhỏ  Vừa  Lớn

VAN MIEU, VAN TU AND VAN CHI IN THE COURSE OF NATIONAL HISTORY

NGUYEN PHUONG CHI

Tóm tắt


   In the course of Vietnam's history, Van Mieu, Van Tu and Van Chi played an important role in the spiritual life and expressed our tradition "Venerated Teacher and Respecting Morals". Van mieu was built in the capital of Thang Long under king Ly Thanh Tong (1070) so as to worship Confucius and his excellent students. Through many dynasties such as Tran, Early Le, Le Restoration, Tay Son and Nguyen, Van Mieu changed dramatically both in eligible students and in forms of examination... During Early Le dynasty, Confucianism reached its peak and especially King Le Thanh Tong commanded to erect the doctorate stelae for whom passed the exam since 1442. Nowsaday, there are still 82 doctorate stelae in Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam Hanoi. Together with the system of Van Mieu in the central, provincial and district areas, Van Tu and Van Chi gradually formed and developed at the village in order to worship for Confucius and graduated people. Bac Giang and Bac Ninh are well-known as "old Kinh Bac area" which includes dense systems of Van Tu - Van Chi.


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Vietnam Social Sciences, ISSN: 1013-4328