Effects of Fertilization Ratios on the Growth of Pinto Peanut (Arachis Pintoi) under Drought Stress Conditions
AbstractThe objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of different fertilization ratios on the growth of pinto peanut (Arachis pintoi) propagated vegetatively under varying water regimes. The experiment was carried out in a net-house in a completely randomized design with three replicates. The N:P2O5:K2O ratios were applied at six levels: F1 (1:1:1), F2 (1:3:1), F3 (1:1:3), F4 (3:1:1), F5 (3:3:1), and F6 (3:3:3) while soil moisture included three different levels: 30% (W1), 60% (W2), and 100% (W3) field capacity. Water stress conditions were treated from 30-65 days after planting, and then the pots were irrigated to 100% field capacity. The results indicate that drought conditions significantly reduced (P<0.05) the growth of stolons, leaf appearance, number of secondary stolons, and dry matter, while the root/shoot ratio was higher compared to plants under well-watered conditions. There was no significant effect of the fertilization ratios on the number of secondary stolons. Higher-NP and NPK application ratios showed significant influences on the growth of A. pintoi under drought conditions by stimulating stolon lengths and the number of leaves, while the root/shoot ratio was decreased. Higher ratios of single fertilizers (N, P, or K) did not show a consistent effect on the growth of A. pintoi under drought conditions. The results suggest that a higher-NP fertilization ratio stimulates the growth of A. pintoi under both drought and well-irrigated conditions.
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