Optimization of Chlorogenic Acid Extraction from Green Coffee Beans Using Response Surface Methodology
AbstractChlorogenic acid is a natural antioxidant that is widespread in the plant kingdom and can be found at a high content level in green coffee beans. This secondary metabolite in green coffee beans has potent biological properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-hypertension, and anticonvulsant. In this study, the extraction of chlorogenic acid from Vietnamese green coffee beans was optimized using the response surface methodology. A second-order polynomial model with three important variables (liquid-to-solid ratio, temperature, and extraction time) was used. A rotatable central composite design consisting of 21 experimental runs with three replicates at the center point was applied to describe the experimental data. The experimental results properly conformed to the constructed model (R2 = 0.8549). The optimized conditions were as follows: 40% ethanol (v/v), a liquid-to-solid ratio of 11.77, at 85oC for 64 min. Four extractions were performed in parallel using the optimal conditions to validate the model. The experimental values highly agreed with the predicted value (P <0.05).
điểm / đánh giá
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY