An Overview of the Tutelary Deity Worship in Hai Phong before Innovation in 1986

  • Vu Thanh Bang
Keywords: Belief; Worship; tutelary; Hai Phong; before 1986.


It often has difficulties in studying the history of
religions and beliefs because of the discontinuity of time and
sources of material, however, it is necessary because it
contributes to pointing out the historical characteristics and
the movement and development trends that have occurred in
the past. Based on historical sources, survey materials,
people’s memories, and research of previous scholars, this
article shed a light on the belief of the tutelary deity in Hai
Phong in the pre-innovation period (1986) on the basic
aspects including beliefs and objects of worship, place of
worship, and the rituals practices of the community.

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