INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND MEASURES TAKEN TO SUPPRESS SOMALIA PIRACY IN THE PERIOD 2005 - 2015
Piracy of Somalia has emerged in the 2000s and flourished for about seven years from 2005 to 2012, mainly focused on hijacking vessels and its crew members for ransom purpose. And the ransom payments amounting to $238 million during the peak years of piracy. Piracy activities conducted off the coast of Somalia have evidenced some unique features, other than the usual features of the ancient piracy or piracy conducted elsewhere. These unique features have been made possible due to the political state of Somalia. And since 2015, pirates have tended to move and become active in West Africa. This article analyzes the said unique features of piracy activities conducted off the coast of Somalia, and the international legal framework measures are taken to suppress Somalia piracy in the period 2005 - 2015. Hereby opening up further research, those measures of Somalia can be lessons in dealing with growing piracy in West Africa.