International experiences in the management and utilization of urban land

  • Tô Ngọc Vũ


In recent years, Vietnam has undergone rapid urbanization, resulting in a significant expansion of urban land to cater to the escalating housing demands of its population. This trend is expected to persist in the foreseeable future. However, the outcomes of implementing urban land planning and usage strategies have revealed several shortcomings and constraints in management, utilization, demand forecasting, policy formulation, and enforcement, particularly concerning soil classification. The primary cause lies in the absence of specific regulatory provisions within existing laws governing norms, criteria, spatial delineation, land use zoning, and preservation of natural ecosystems during the planning process across all administrative levels. Based on data analysis methods applied to the experiences of the Federal Republic of Germany, China, and Japan in urban land use planning and management, it becomes evident that future urban land planning must integrate considerations of space, land use zoning, and natural ecosystems. This necessitates a clear delineation of protection and conservation criteria, coupled with a robust implementation process. Effective execution of these measures will significantly enhance the quality of urban areas and advance the objectives of sustainable urban development. Consequently, the article presents policy recommendations tailored to Vietnam's context for urban land management and utilization during the preparation and adjustment of land use plans.

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